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713

Lycaonia


[Babelon, Invent. de la Coll. Waddington (1898), pp. 270-5.
Brit. Mus. Cat. of Greek Coins, Lycaonia, Isauria, and Cilicia, by G. F. Hill (1900).
Imhoof-Blumer, Kleinas. MŁnzen, ii. (1902), pp. 415-21.
Ramsay in Jahresh. Oesterr. Inst., vii. (1904), Beibl. 57 ff., on the topography.]

The region known by the name of Lycaonia was bounded on the west by Pisidia, on the north by Galatia, on the east by Cappadocia, and on the south by the mountainous country of Isauria or Cilicia Tracheia. It included the cities of the Κοινον Λυκαονιας, organized in the reign of Antoninus Pius, viz. Barata, Dalisandus, Derbe, Hyde, Ilistra, Laranda, and Savatra; together with Iconium, Lystra, Laodiceia Combusta, and Parlais. There is no coinage earlier than the first century B.C. Lystra and Parlais were made colonies by Augustus, Iconium by Hadrian. Coins reading ΛVΚΑΟΝΩΝ were struck by Antiochus IV of Commagene and his sons, probably at Laranda.

Barata (Bin-Bir-Kilisse). Imperial, M. Aurelius to Otacilia. Inscr., ΒΑΡΑΤЄWΝ ΚΟΙ. (or ΚΟΙΝΟΝ) ΛVΚΑΟΝΙΑC. Types—Tyche seated on rock, river-god at her feet; Zeus; Athena; Demeter; Nike.

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Dalisandus. Imperial, Faustina II, L. Verus, and Philip I. Inscr., ΔΑΛΙCΑΝΔЄΩΝ ΚΟΙΝΟΝ ΛVΚΑΟ. Types—Zeus seated; Herakles standing; Athena standing.

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Derbe (Gudelisin near Losta). Imperial, Faustina Jun., Verus, Lucilla. Inscr., ΚΛΑV. ΔЄΡΒ. ΚΟΙ. ΛVΚΑΟΝΙΑC. Types—Tyche; Herakles with apples; Nike writing on shield. Derbe probably received the name Claudio-Derbe when, about A. D. 41, it was made the Roman frontier-station towards the kingdom of Antiochus IV.

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Hyde (Kara-Bunar). Imperial, Faustina Jun., Verus. Inscr., VΔΗC ΙЄΡΑC ΚΟΙΝΟΝ ΛVΚΑΟΝΙΑC. Types—River-god reclining (R. N., 1902, p. 86); Hermes standing.

Iconium (Konia). Autonomous Æ of late first century B.C. Inscr., (Є)ΙΚΟΝΙЄΩΝ. Types referring to Zeus, Dionysos, and especially Perseus, the name of the city being derived from the εικων of the Gorgon. Magistrate, ΜЄΝЄΔΗΜ. ΤΙΜΟΘЄΟΥ.


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Imperial, Claudius to Hadrian. Inscr., ΚΛΑVΔ(Є)ΙΚΟΝΙЄΩΝ. Types—Perseus; Sarapis seated; Bust of Athena; Head of Gorgon; Head and name of M. Annius Afrinus, governor of Galatia.

Colonial, Hadrian to Gallienus (with and without portraits). Inscr., COL. ICO., ICONIENSIVM (ADRIA.) COL., COL. AEL. ADR. ICONIEN., &c. Types—Perseus; Athena; Herakles; Tyche seated with river-god; Wolf and twins; Marsyas with wine-skin; &c. From Gordian III onwards the letters S. R. show control of the coinage by the Roman Senate (cf. Antiocheia in Pisidia).

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Ilistra (Ilisra). Quasi-autonomous and Imperial, M. Aurelius to Philip. Inscr., (Є)ΙΛΙCΤΡЄWΝ ΚΟΙΝΟΝ ΛVΚΑΟΝΙΑC. Types—Zeus; Athena; Herakles; Bust of Eros; Grapes.

Laodiceia Combusta, η κατακεκαυμενη (Yorgan Ladik), received the title Claudio-Laodiceia probably in A. D. 41. Being in the province Galatia it was excluded from the Κοινον. Imperial, Vespasian, also Titus and Domitian Caesars. Inscr., ΚΛΑVΔΙΟΛΑΟΔΙΚЄWΝ. Types—Nike (CЄ- ΒΑCΤΗ ΝΙΚΗ); Kybele; &c.

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Laranda (Larenda, Karaman). Probably a mint of Antiochus IV of Commagene (A. D. 38-72) and of Epiphanes and Callinicus (circ. A. D. 72). Æ inscr., ΛΥΚΑΟΝΩΝ. Types—Scorpion; Tiara.

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Imperial from M. Aurelius to Otacilia. Inscr., ΛΑΡΑΝΔ. ΜΗΤ(ρο- πολεος) ΚΟΙΝ. ΛVΚΑΟΝΙΑC and under Philip CЄΒ(αστης) ΛΑΡΑΝΔΕΩΝ ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟ. ΚΟΙΝΟΝ, &c. Types— Herakles; Tyche standing, or seated, with river-god; Wolf carrying bird; &c.

Lystra (Zoldera). Colonial, Augustus to Faustina II. Inscr., COL. (IVL. FEL. CEM.) LVSTRA. Types—Athena sacrificing (MINERVAE); Bust of Athena; Ceres seated (CERERIS); Tyche seated, with river-god; Founder of the colony ploughing.

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Parlais (probably at Beysheher). Autonomous Æ of first century B.C. Inscr., ΠΑΡΛΑΙΤΕWΝ. Types—Heads of Zeus, of Apollo, of Artemis; Panther; Galley. Magistrate, ΔΙΟΜΗΔΟV.

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Colonial, M. Aurelius to Domna. Inscr., IVL. AVG. COL. PARLAIS. or IVL. AVG. HA(driana?) COL. PARLA. Types—MÍn holding pine- cone; Dionysos; Asklepios; Hygieia and Telesphoros; Tyche-Isis; Tyche holding standard; Lion or panther.

Savatra (Yaghli-Baiyat). Imperial, Trajan to Philip. Inscr., CΑ(Ο)VΑΤΡΕΩΝ, with ΚΟΙ. ΛVΚΑΟΝΙΑC from time of Pius. Types— Zeus seated; Athena voting; Herakles seated; Tyche seated; Water- god standing with ears of corn, fish at his feet (J. H. S., xxii. 376).

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